Greenhouse community buildings - wind and water machines for food and living.
.........Netherlands can teach countries not to have to compete with landscape, conditions and scarcity of food. It has, thanks to its own created artificial landscape, in hundreds of years developed wind and water machines that provide knowledge and artifacts to turn struggle into 'learning to play a game' with the natural elements and conditions. This creates the possibility for new spatial conditions, economic prosperity and knowledge. This is essential for many emerging countries struggling with food security. In addition, the (technical) game of playing with the elements wind and water (free energy) means the possibility of experiencing freedom for the individual within the living conditions of an open community..........
1. Le Corbusier's symbol of the open hand together with the unavowable community. Open Hand – Open to receive newly created wealth, open to distribute it to its people and to others. The open hand will assert that the second era of the machine age has begun: the era of harmony.
2. The unavowable community – feedbacksystem, community of a astronaut a dancer , architecture by het grace of wind and water. Hans Moor Architects
The Dutch landscape that has been transformed over hundreds of years forms a technical construction. This can be seen concretely everywhere through dikes, locks and pumping stations. This specific way of dealing with the landscape has ensured that the Dutchman can live safely behind the dikes and dunes. Previously, technical boundaries between landscape and sea were seemingly unambiguously defined. It meant holding back the water as much as possible. This has changed since the Eastern Schelde storm surge barrier in 1986. As a flexible 'dike', a wind and water machine (open construction so that wind can easily pass through), it can allow water to pass through on a large scale, but can also safely hold back the sea at dangerously high tide. With this flexible, technical way of dealing with the sea and the landscape, a fundamental change has dawned in terms of safety. Within the dykes, for example, new types of landscape are being created by mixing salt and fresh water. Through our flexible and technical approach to landscape and buildings, we are changing our environment. But the opposite is also the case. The changed landscape transforms people. Where previously the natural elements meant the struggle against water, now man appears in the Dutch landscape as playful, creative and an innovative one. The world appears as a whole of feedback mechanism, a feedback system*.
* Thanks to the technology, for example satellites circulating at a distance around the earth and providing mankind with information (CO2, ecology, etc.) about the limited habitable earth, the earth and man appear as a feedback mechanism. Another example: on the one hand, the truck is made in series, piece by piece, so that it can be delivered immediately and permanently after ordering. Available to deliver other goods on the other hand. The factory delivers the truck, the truck delivers the goods the factory needs. In such a feedback system, there is no hierarchy anymore. The truck is there for the factory and the factory for the truck. In this sense, both become equivalent. (Das Gestell - Heidegger and Le Corbusier, Brent Batstra, 2001)
design of a world sustainability centre – afsluitdijk and Lorenz locks, North of Netherlands – Hans Moor Architects
Design of Rainwater is drinking water house. - Concept house with installation to transform rainwater into drinking water. The principle of the house consists of an innovative roof with the living space underneath. The roof contains as many sustainable innovations as possible. The roof of the house collects rainwater and thus provides water storage. The collected rainwater is used for drinking water. in the house.
Under specific conditions, wind and water machines have not only provided safety, but these artifacts have also managed to achieve economic prospects and prosperity (that is profit by 'playing a game with the elements'). A very good example where a lot of economic advantage and security has been achieved is in the greenhouses sector. Here, the role of wind and water machines is undeniable.
Wind en water machines in the Dutch Greenhouses – food security
If there is one thing that has facilitated the entire development of the greenhouses, it is the flat landscape of the Netherlands. Large oblong glass boxes thrive hard in a mountainous landscape. Market gardeners discovered 150 years ago that growing in heated greenhouses with as much glass as possible gave them more yield from their plants. Plants grow faster when they get more light and have a constant warm environment. This made it possible to grow other products as well. Products that otherwise only grow in warm countries. It is not for nothing that greenhouse horticulture in the Netherlands dates back to the 17th century, when tropical crops from the colonies were grown in glass greenhouses. In addition, the greenhouse is ideal in the Dutch landscape. Everywhere in the polder we have water and wind. Water in the form of ditches and canals. Wind is almost always there. Greenhouses are located next to ditches to use and drain water. There is also the soft rainwater that can be used for the crops... Wind and water are at first excluded, if they become too extreme then you can't control these elements, and they form negative influences, but through wind and water machines the wind and water are conditioned and form energy to let the crops thrive.
Recent developments (after 2000) include the closed greenhouse, also known as 'the greenhouse' as a source of energy' and floating greenhouses, which can be used in water storage/overflow areas. While the Dutch still put a lot of energy into heating the greenhouses, the heat in emerging countries is less of a problem. Solar energy provides energy for the production process, for example.
The new Idea – Greenhouse community buildings - wind and water machine for food and living.
Wind and water are the natural elements that create and maintain the dynamics of life in the building. The elements of wind and water not only provide energy for growing the food crops but are also the connection between food and living. Both people and food need water. Cooling for greenhouse and home is done by the flow of wind and water. Wind and water are the natural elements that are technologically embedded in the building by using innovative and as simple as possible interventions that make life in the building more pleasant, natural ventilation and cooling by using e.g. wind chimneys. Key of these community buildings is the greenhouse. It enables the inhabitant or user to grow and sell their own food. The connection between the food and the resident is wind and water. The food in the greenhouse needs wind just like mankind, wind and water provide the growth of crops, wind and water is the energy for mankind as an individual and community. The living thing about wind and water are movement and energy. We designed a prototype first “Greenhouse living small community”
'Greenhouse small community living' is a concept for living using various innovations, including own food production through vertical farming, collection rainwater = drinking water system (rainwater), bee hotel, heat supply through greenhouse principle. Living area can be separated from greenhouse. Greenhouse is on the second floor is in this concept a space saving intervention (in urban conditions this spatial position is important). The house is constructed in wood as much as possible.
Greenhouse living community
New building concept for living communities using greenhouse technology. The concept of this living community is concentrated on the energy of the individual capable of growing and selling his own safety food. The individual is living in this building. Wind and water are the natural elements of energy distribution within the building. Greenhouse technology is supporting the traditional way of local construction and use of materials. The design uses cheap parts, such as containers, recycled wood, installation of rainwater to drinking water, so that it can also be used in emerging countries. Greenhouse with vertical farming + water supply + cooling by wind chimney is as standard as possible and located on the 1st floor. First floor = living + selling food on the internal market + public space.
GREENHOUSE LIVING COMMUNITY – DETAILS
It is an innovative concept that can be a promotion for horticulture and greenhouses can find a new connection to the people. Design is based on standardization of greenhouse construction (simple and relatively cheap) and uses greenhouse technology.
Possibility for a pilot how a community can provide for its own needs, grow its own safety food by individuals, sell food on the market and at the same time the design creates a new public space. Design is based on the individual in relation to the community. Public attractor for the urban environment
Netherlands can play an important role because of their knowledge of architecture with limited use of space, safety food supply, wind and water technology, 'playing the game' for abundance.
The concept responds to the improvement of the living environment. Food safety and new housing. Technical and spacial innovations means improved living conditions.
The concept is a starting point with certain values, adaptations are possible depending on the location, budget, etc.
Space principle rests on double land use and try to find a solution for the 'food or shelter dilemma' : Living on the first floor and food on the 2nd floor.
Housing units can be realized according to local building methods.